Research Abstract

Our studies of free-ranging primates are focused on how behavioral, demographic and ecological variables function to influence population structure. My past research focused on field studies of baboons in two geographical areas: a hybrid zone between olive and hamadryas baboons in Ethiopia (Papio hamadryas, s.l.) and a population of yellow baboons in Tanzania in Mikumi National Park. Our research involves capture, tagging and biological sampling of as many individuals as possible. We examine a broad range of biological features, which we consider in their ecological and behavioral contexts. Our research also addresses the more general question of variation, distribution, adaptation and speciation within the genus Papio as a whole. Since 2004 we have shifted the center of our research south to Zambia, whose three baboon species-- yellow, grayfooted chacma, and the previously largely unstudied little Kinda baboon, are poorly known. We have located a hybrid zone between grey-footed chacma baboons and yellow baboons along the Luangwa valley, and have found that this hybrid zone also incorporates kinda baboon genes as well, making it the only workable three-way baboon hybrid zone in Africa. Our recent genetic studies in Kafue National Park have shown that hybridization there is asymmetric, effected by small kinda males mating with larger grayfoot females. Studies are underway to explore the behavioral underpinnings of these unexpected findings.

Selected Publications

  • Weyher, A.J., Phillips-Conroy,J.E., Fourrier, M.S. and Jolly, C.J. 2014 Male-driven grooming bouts in mixed-sex dyads of Kinda baboons (Papio kindae) Folia primatologica. 85:178-191
  • Bernstein, R. M., Drought, H., Phillips-Conroy, J. E., & Jolly, C. J. (2013). Hormonal Correlates of Divergent Growth Trajectories in Wild Male Anubis (Papio anubis) and Hamadryas (P. hamadryas) Baboons in the Awash River Valley, Ethiopia. International Journal of Primatology. 34(4), 732-751
  • Jolly, C.J., Phillips-Conroy J.E., Kaplan, J.R., Mann, J.J. 2013 Monoamine Neurotransmitter Metabolites in the Cerebrospinal Fluid of a Group of Hybrid Baboons (Papio hamadryas x P.anubis). International Journal of Primatology. 34(4):732-751.
  • Phillips-Conroy, J.E. 2011 Behavior meets Neuroscience: Achievements, Prospects, and Complexity. Introduction to Part IV. in R. W. Sussman and C.R. Cloninger (editors) Origins of Altruism and Cooperation (Springer) pp 275-284.
  • Jolly, C. J., Burrell, A. S., Phillips Conroy, J. E., Bergey, C., & Rogers, J. (2011). Kinda baboons (Papio kindae) and grayfoot chacma baboons (P. ursinus griseipes) hybridize in the Kafue river valley, Zambia. American Journal of Primatology. 73(3), 291-303.
  • Bergman TJ, Phillips-Conroy JE, Jolly CJ. Behavioral variation and reproductive success of male baboons (Papio anubis x Papio hamadryas) in a hybrid social group. American Journal of Primatology. 2008 Feb;70(2) 136-147
  • Beehner, J., Phillips-Conroy, J.E. and Whitten, P. (2005) Female testosterone, dominance rank and aggression in an Ethiopian population of hybrid baboons. American Journal of Primatology. Sep;67(1):101-19.
  • Jolly CJ and Phillips-Conroy JE. Testicular size, Developmental Trajectories and Male Life History Strategies in Four Baboon Taxa. In: Swedell L and Leigh S (eds) Life History, Reproductive Strategies, and Fitness in Baboons (Kluwer Press) 2006 pp 257-276.
  • Phillips-Conroy JE, and Jolly CJ. Dispersal and Philopatry in the Awash Baboon Hybrid Zone. In: Jones C, and Schwibbe M (eds) Dispersal and philopatry in primates. Primate Report: Special Issue. 2004 68:27-52.

For a complete list of Dr. Phillips-Conroy's publications, click here.

Jane Phillips-Conroy, PhD

Professor Emeritus of Anatomy in Neuroscience (retired, June 2017)
Professor Emeritus of Anthropology (retired, June 2017)

Other Information

1969 BA, Anthropology (with honors), Brandeis University, Waltham, MA

1973 MA, Anthropology, New York University, New York, NY

1978 PhD, Anthropology, New York University, New York, NY

Selected Honors
2009 Election into Alpha Omega Alpha

2004 Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science

2003 Fellow, Academy of Science of St. Louis