Research Abstract

As a comparative neurobiologist, I am interested in how the biology of the brain underlies a species' particular cognitive specializations and behavioral repertoire. My research program investigates neuroanatomical and molecular variation in primates to address questions of evolutionary significance, particularly with regard to the unique cognitive abilities of humans.

Selected Publications

  • Bauernfeind AL, Soderblom EJ, Turner ME, Moseley MA, Ely JJ, Hof PR, Sherwood CC, Wray GA, Babbitt CC (in press). Evolutionary divergence of gene and protein expression in the brains of humans and chimpanzees. Genome Biology and Evolution. doi: 10.1093/gbe/evv132.
  • Bauernfeind AL, Reyzer ML, Caprioli RM, Ely JJ, Babbitt CC, Wray GA, Hof PR, Sherwood CC (2015). High spatial resolution proteomic comparison of the brain in humans and chimpanzees. Journal of Comparative Neurology 523: 2043-2061.
  • Bauernfeind AL, Barks SK, Duka T, Grossman LI, Hof PR, Sherwood CC (2014). Aerobic glycolysis in the primate brain: reconsidering the implications for growth and maintenance. Brain Structure & Function 219: 1149-1167.
  • Barks SK, Bauernfeind AL, Bonar CJ, Cranfield MR, de Sousa AA, Erwin JM, Hopkins WD, Lewandowski AH, Mudakikwa A, Phillips KA, Raghanti MA, Stimpson CD, Hof PR, Sherwood CC (2013). Variable temporal-insular cortex neuroanatomy in primates suggests bottleneck effect in eastern gorillas. Journal of Comparative Neurology 522: 844-860.
  • Bianchi S, Stimpson CD, Duka T, Larsen MD, Janssen WG, Collins Z, Bauernfeind AL, Schapiro SJ, Baze WB, McArthur MJ, Hopkins WD, Wildman DE, Lipovich L, Kuzawa CW, Jacobs B, Hof PR, Sherwood CC (2013). Synaptogenesis and development of pyramidal neuron dendritic morphology in the chimpanzee neocortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 110: 10395-10401.
  • Bauernfeind AL, de Sousa AA, Avasthi T, Dobson SD, Raghanti MA, Lewandowski AH, Zilles K, Semendeferi K, Allman JM, Craig AD, Hof PR, Sherwood CC (2013). A volumetric comparison of the insular cortex and its subregions in primates. Journal of Human Evolution 64: 263-279.
  • Sherwood CC, Bauernfeind AL, Bianchi S, Raghanti MA, Hot PR (2012). Human brain evolution writ large and small. Prog Brain Res 195:237-54.
  • Bianchi S, Stimpson CD, Bauernfeind AL, Schapiro SJ, Baze WB, McArthur MJ, Bronson E, Hopkins WD, Semendeferi K, Jacobs B, Hof PR, Sherwood CC (2012). Dendritic morphology of pyramidal neurons in the chimpanzee neocortex: regional specializations and comparison to humans. Cerebral Cortex 23: 2429-2436.
  • Bauernfeind AL, Dietrich MS, Blackford JU, Charboneau EJ, Lillevig JG, Cannistraci CJ, Woodward ND, Cao A, Watkins T, Di Iorio CR, Cascio C, Salomon RM, Cowan RL (2011). Human ecstasy use is associated with increased cortical excitability: an fMRI study. Neuropsychopharmacology 36: 1127-1141.
  • Bianchi S, Bauernfeind AL, Stimpson CD, Bonar CJ, Manger PR, Hof PR, Jacobs B, Sherwood CC (2011). Neocortical neuron morphology in Afrotheria: comparing the rock hyrax with the African elephant. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1225: 37-46.
  • Spocter MA, Hopkins WD, Garrison AR, Bauernfeind AL, Stimpson CD, Hof PR, Sherwood CC (2010). Wernicke’s area homologue in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and its relation to the appearance of modern human language. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 277: 2165-2174.

For a complete list of Dr. Bauernfeind's publications, click here.

Amy Bauernfeind, PhD

Assistant Professor of Anatomy in Neuroscience

Washington University
School of Medicine
Campus Box 8108
North Building, 3820
St. Louis, MO 63110
(314) 747-6566

Other Information

2004 BS, Neuroscience, Vanderbilt University

2011 MPhil, Biological Anthropology, The George Washington University

2014 PhD, Biological Anthropology, The George Washington University

Selected Honors
2014 Aleš Hrdlička Prize for Outstanding Student Paper. “Differential gene and protein expression in the human and chimpanzee brain: a comparison using high-throughput techniques”. Annual Conference for the American Association of Physical Anthropologists

2015 Distinguished Service Teaching Award. Washington University School of Medicine